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Mr. Day. Only professionally.

Senator Gray. You did not appear before him as a witness?

Mr. Day. No.

Senator Gray. What time did you leave the islands?

Mr. Day. The 8th of August. I left Honolulu on the same steamer that Mr. and Mrs. Blount came on.

Senator Gray. Came from there here; that is, to the United States?

Mr. Day. Yes.

Senator Frye. Have you read Mr. Blount's report?

Mr. Day. No; extracts only.

Senator Frye. So far as you know anything about the affairs of the islands during this time, did Mr. Stevens have anything to do with this revolution?

Mr. Day. No.

Senator Frye. Did you attend Mr. Stevens?

Mr. Day. Yes.

Senator Frye. Do you remember Mr. Stevens being sick during the time of the revolution?

Mr. Day. I do not remember. I did not attend him if he was sick during that time. I attended his daughters more than I did him, although that was some little time before that.

Senator Gray. You say you went to the Hawaiian Islands in 1887?

Mr. Day. Yes; to reside.

Senator Gray. And practice your profession?

Mr. Day. Yes.

Senator Gray. Of what state are you a citizen?

Mr. Day. Illinois.

Senator Gray. Did you become a citizen of the Hawaiian Islands?

Mr. Day. I am a voter there.

Senator Gray. Are you a citizen?

Mr. Day. I do not know just what the laws are in that respect.

Senator Gray. Did you ever become naturalized?

Mr. Day. I did not take out naturalization papers.

Senator Gray. Do you still consider yourself a citizen of the United States?

Mr. Day. I believe that is a question that has not been decided.

Senator Gray. Do you consider yourself such?

Mr. Day. I call myself an American.

Senator Frye. You did not forswear your allegiance to the United States?

Mr. Day. I did not forswear my allegiance to the United States, but I did sign the constitution which requires a voter to support the constitution.

Senator Gray. Did you attend this meeting on Monday?

Mr. Day. Yes.

Senator Gray. Were you a supporter of that meeting?

Mr. Day. Yes.

Senator Gray. Were you there when the troops landed?

Mr. Day. I was in Honolulu.

Senator Gray. I mean in town.

Mr. Day. Yes.

Senator Gray. Did you see the troops?

Mr. Day. I saw them in the evening.

Senator Gray. You did not see them march up from the landing?

Mr. Day. No.

Senator Gray. You were not present at the landing?


Mr. Day. No; in driving about in the evening on my professional rounds I saw them.

Senator Gray. You spoke of being informed—notice was passed around on Monday evening that there was to be a movement to establish a provisional government. Did you get that notice?

Mr. Day. I got a statement.

Senator Gray. On information?

Mr. Day. Information; yes, sir. It should hardly be dignified as an official notice.

Senator Gray. Who informed you?

Mr. Day. Mr. George Smith.

Senator Gray. The person at whose office the meetings were held?

Mr. Day. No; he is a wholesale druggist there.

Senator Gray. Not the Mr. Smith who is a member of the Provisional Government?

Mr. Day. No.

Senator Gray. Was Mr. George Smith a supporter of the movement?

Mr. Day. Yes.

Senator Gray. Is he an American?

Mr. Day. Yes.

Senator Gray. How many Americans were on the committee of safety?

Mr. Day. I do not know; I will have to look over the list to tell you that.

Senator Gray. Henry A. Cooper?

Mr. Day. Do you mean by Americans the same as myself, born in the United States and living there under the laws and having sworn to support the Hawaiian constitution and abide by their laws?

Senator Gray. You may call it an American living there and in business there.

Mr. Day. I do not know how our statutes are; whether we are Americans.

Senator Gray. The same as yourself.

Mr. Day. Yes; Henry A. Cooper is an American, the same as I am.

Senator Gray. F. W. McChesney?

Mr. Day. American.

Senator Gray. W. C. Wilder?

Mr. Day. American.

Senator Gray. C. Bolte?

Mr. Day. German.

Senator Gray. Andrew Brown?

Mr. Day. Scotchman.

Senator Gray. William O. Smith?

Mr. Day. Hawaiian.

Senator Gray. Henry Waterhouse?

Mr. Day. English.

Senator Gray. Theodore F. Lansing?

Mr. Day. American.

Senator Gray. Edward Shur?

Mr. Day. German.

Senator Gray. L. A. Thurston?

Mr. Day. Hawaiian.

Senator Gray. That is, he was born there?

Mr. Day. A Hawaiian of American parentage.

Senator Gray. John Emmeluth?

Mr. Day. I think he is a German.

Senator Gray. W.R. Castle?


Mr. Day. An Hawaiian.

Senator Gray. J. A. McCandless?

Mr. Day. An American.

Senator Gray. Were they all voters, the same as you?

Mr. Day. Yes; many of them are old residents of the country.

Senator Frye. Is there anything that occurs to you that you would like to state in connection with this matter? If there is anything that you know about the revolution that occurred about that time, and it is legitimate, you may state it.

Mr. Day. I would like to state my opinion, if you will allow me, about the landing of the American troops—my individual opinion.

Senator Frye. Yes.

Mr. Day. It seemed to me as though it was the duty of the American minister, under the conditions, to land the troops for the protection of American property.

Senator Gray. And life?

Mr. Day. And the lives of women and children that might be sacrificed, perhaps. I think that duty devolved not only upon him, but upon all ministers there, to land troops for the protection of the citizens and their lives; but the Boston was the only ship in the waters at the time. The same thing has been done, during the last crisis by the British and Japanese, by landing troops from their ships.

Senator Frye. What do you call the last crisis?

Mr. Day. During the time when there was, apparently, danger of conflict between the Provisional Government and the royalists at an attempted restoration of the Queen.

Senator Gray. While you were there?

Mr. Day. No.

Senator Frye. That has been since the Provisional Government was established?

Mr. Day. Yes.

Senator Gray. After you left the islands?

Mr. Day. Yes.

Senator Gray. That is hearsay.

Senator Frye. Did most of the valuable property in Honolulu belong to men of American birth?

Mr. Day. Yes.

Senator Gray. Do you know Mr. Thurston?

Mr. Day. Yes.

Senator Gray. Have you seen him since you have been here?

Mr. Day. I saw him for a few minutes last evening.

Senator Frye. When did you arrive, yesterday?

Mr. Day. Last evening.

Senator Frye. Did you call on Mr. Thurston or did he call on you?

Mr. Day. I called on him.

Senator Frye. Was Dr. Delamater with you last evening when you called?

Mr. Day. Yes; Mr. Irwin, Dr. Delamater, and I called on Mr. Thurston. Mr. Thurston is an old patient of mine.


Senator Frye. Are you a chaplain in the Navy?

Mr. Hoes. Yes.

Senator Frye. Have you ever been in Honolulu?

Mr. Hoes. I have.


Senator Frye. When and how long were you there?

Mr. Hoes. I reached Honolulu on the U. S. S. Pensacola September 25, 1891, and remained there until March 9, 1893.

The Chairman. Who was your captain?

Mr. Hoes. The commanding officer of the Pensacola was Capt. Albert Kautz, U. S. Navy.

Senator Frye. What were you doing there during that time?

Mr. Hoes. I went there as chaplain of the Pensacola, and, having considerable leisure, apart from my professional duties, I commenced a study of the history of the country, pursuing it as carefully and critically as the books and pamphlets at my command would permit.

The Chairman. Do you mean to say that you stayed ashore from 1891 to 1893?

Mr. Hoes. No; I will explain that. I was officially attached to the Pensacola while she remained in Hawaiian waters, and performed my duties accordingly; but, having considerable leisure at my disposal, as already said, I engaged in historical studies, and was instrumental, with Prof. Alexander, J. S. Emerson, and others, in organizing the Hawaiian Historical Society, and was officially connected with that organization until I left Honolulu. The Queen, subsequently hearing that I was so deeply interested in historical research, applied to Secretary Blaine, through Minister Stevens, for permission for me to remain in Honolulu after the Pensacola left, to prepare a bibliography of Hawaii, and also to examine and arrange the early archives of the Government, which were in a state of disgraceful confusion. I was subsequently detached and remained in Honolulu until the time stated.

The Chairman. If the Queen made that application of her own motion she could not have been a very ignorant woman?

Mr. Hoes. No one ever claimed that respecting the Queen. As a matter of fact, however, the Queen took this action upon the advice of Prof. Alexander, the recognized historian of the country, and of others who were interested in the history of Hawaii and the preservation of its early archives.

Senator Frye. Did you keep a scrapbook?

Mr. Hoes. I kept a scrapbook of the first days of the revolution. It was made up of all the cuttings relating in any way to the revolution, taken from the Advertiser, a supporter of the Provisional Government, and the Bulletin and Holomua, both of which then and subsequently advocated the cause of the Queen.

Senator Frye. In that scrap book does there appear the recognitions of the Provisional Government by the various governments represented in Honolulu?

Mr. Hoes. Yes.

Senator Frye. The letters of recognition sent by the various Governments represented in the Hawaiian Islands do not appear of record here, and I think they ought to come in. They are as follows:

Consulate of Chile,
Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands, January 18, 1893.
Gentlemen: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your communication of yesterday's date, together with a copy of the proclamation issued yesterday, whereby I am informed, for reasons set forth, the Hawaiian monarchy has been abrogated and a provisional government established, the same being now in possession of Government departmental buildings, the archives, and the treasury, and whereby you request me to recognize the said Provisional Government

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