The "Morgan Report" is today's name for a report to the U.S. Senate by its Committee on Foreign Relations, whose chairman was Senator John T. Morgan, Democrat of Alabama. Senate Report 227 of the 53rd Congress, second session, was dated February 26, 1894. It was an investigation into the events surrounding the Hawaiian Revolution of 1893, and the alleged role of U.S. peacekeepers in the overthrow of Queen Liliuokalani.
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April 22, 2006 Update
It seems that some people have taken a joke written by the New York Sun on February 26, 1894 so seriously, they've made a pilgrimage to honor April 30th as a day of mourning declared by Grover Cleveland. For the real truth, see our article on the Joke Proclamation, and The Rest of The Rest of The Story.
A Beginner's Guide to using this site (aka Help!)
- Members of the Committee
- How the Morgan Report repudiates the Blount Report
- Larsen v. Hawaiian Kingdom Transcript
- Cleveland's 12/18/1893 Message
- Kingdom of Hawaii Constitutions
Editor's note: Anyone who has further information regarding other proposed constitutions from other sovereignty groups, please contact the editor to have them listed here.
Common critiques of the Morgan Report
- Isn't the Morgan Report racist?
- Wasn't the Morgan Report only signed by Morgan?
- How can the U.S. exonerate itself?
- Wasn't the Hawaiian Legation excluded from testimony?
- Wasn't the Morgan Report an orchestrated white-wash?
- Isn't the Morgan Report completely one-sided?
- Doesn't the '93 Apology Resolution trump the Morgan Report?
- Wasn't the Blount Report more accurate?
- Response to Op-ed of James Kawika Riley
- Isn't there photographic evidence of the U.S. peacekeepers being aggressive?
Contents of the Morgan Report
How the Morgan Report Corrects Historical Revisionism, Speaks to Current Political Hot Topics, and Provides Valuable Historical Information About What Hawaii Was Like in the 1800s
Individual pages with thumbnail images of the original pages
Transcribed Morgan Report (VERY LARGE!)
The entire Morgan Report in two parts. Digitized text only. If you get an error when you try to go to one of the extra large pages, please try again later when fewer people are using the website, or use the Outline of Topics to download smaller sections.
Information for scholars
Searching the Morgan Report
In the search box to the lower left, enter your term (such as "Blount" or "Spreckels"), and click "Search". If you would like to know who read the proclamation of the Provisional government, or other facts related to that event, enter "read proclamation." There are no diacritical marks in the Morgan report, so do not use 'okina or kahako when searching for Hawaiian (olelo) names or words.
Referencing the Morgan Report
The Morgan report is taken out of the bound volume Reports of Committee on Foreign Relations 1789-1901 Volume 6.
The section on the Hawaiian Islands does not begin until page 360. Anyone who feels a need to cite a page number as though the Morgan Report was a stand-alone document could subtract 359 from any of the page numbers seen on this website. However, that might not be wise.
There may have been other printings of this report with different numbering schemes. For example some page citations for the Morgan Report found in Gavan Daws "Shoal of Time" seem incompatible with the numbering system here.
Scholars or students citing page numbers from this website version of the Morgan Report should probably give citations something like this:
"I was sent over with a message from Capt. Wiltse, with his compliments to President Dole, to ask him if he had absolute control of the Government, police force, and everything, and if he did not, he, Capt. Wiltse, would have nothing to do with them."*
*Sworn testimony of Lieutenant Lucien Young, Reports of Committee on Foreign Relations 1789-1901 Volume 6 (The Morgan Report), p. 705 as found on http://morganreport.org
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- A Revolution In Hawaii - New York Times coverage of the Hawaiian Revolution
- Hawaii's Story By Hawaii's Queen - Covering some of the overthrow from Liliuokalani's perspective. She corroborates many of the assertions of the Morgan Report as to her actions that instigated the interregnum and the overthrow, but places the blame squarely on her cabinet and other aides.
- Hawaiian Sovereignty: Do the Facts matter? - Excellent study on the events surrounding the overthrow, refuting the claims of modern sovereignty activists. Although written by a descendant of one of the leading members of the Provisional Government, and often seen as an attempt to rewrite history, the facts discussed are well footnoted and independently verifiable.
- Unconquerable Rebel:Robert W. Wilcox and Hawaiian Politics 1880-1903 - Another excellent book with a fairly balanced depiction of the events surrounding the overthrow and annexation.