Difference between revisions of "Template:1134-1135"

From TheMorganReport
Jump to navigation Jump to search
 
Line 1: Line 1:
1134 HAWAIIAN ISLANDS.
+
{{p|1134}}
chants established trading houses to gather in this important industry.
+
 
The whaling trade continued to be the chief source of income to the
+
chants established trading houses to gather in this  
islands for a number of years. In 1845 there were 500 whaling ships
+
important industry. The
arrived there. In 1878 the whaling trade practically died out. Experiments
+
whaling trade continued to be the chief source of  
were made in growing commodities, such as silk, cotton, wheat,
+
income to the islands for
sugar, coffee, but nothing of particular value was accomplished, except
+
a number of years. In 1845 there were 500 whaling  
in raising coffee and sugar. The coffee culture increased rapidly and
+
ships arrived there.   In
promised well until there came a drought in the years 1851-'52, which
+
1878 the whaling trade practically died out.
it was said caused a blight. That for a time ended the advancement
+
Experiments were made in
of this industry.
+
growing commodities, such as silk, cotton, wheat,  
The CHAIRMAN. Coffee, like the other plants you have been speaking
+
sugar, coffee, but nothing
of, was not indigenous ?
+
of particular value was accomplished, except in
Mr. SIMPSON. NO. They have experimented in coffee for a number
+
raising coffee and sugar.
of years down there, and the trouble has been that the people who have
+
The coffee culture increased rapidly and promised well  
been engaged in experimenting do not understand their business.
+
until there came a
They would start their trees at too low an altitude. Whenever they
+
drought in the years 1851-'52, which it was said  
got above 2,000 or 2,500 feet they have had the best results. Now they
+
caused a blight. That for a
are going into the matter to a greater extent than they have ever done
+
time ended the advancement of this industry.
before. They grow a splendid quality of coffee.
+
 
Senator GRAY. Have they sufficient area at that altitude and higher
+
The CHAIRMAN. Coffee, like the other plants you have  
to make it an important matter?
+
been speaking of, was
Mr. SIMPSON. Yes. Their area to a certain extent is limited, but
+
not indigenous?  
there is a vast area that it will take a good many years to set out,
+
 
especially the island of Hawaii, which has 4,500 square miles, and the
+
Mr. SIMPSON. No. They have experimented in coffee  
greater portion of it is above 1,500 feet. The other islands are not, of
+
for a number of years
 +
down there, and the trouble has been that the people  
 +
who have been engaged
 +
in experimenting do not understand their business.
 +
They would start their
 +
trees at too low an altitude.   Whenever they got
 +
above 2,000 or 2,500 feet
 +
they have had the best results. Now they are going  
 +
into the matter to a
 +
greater extent than they have ever done before. They  
 +
grow a splendid
 +
quality of coffee.  
 +
 
 +
Senator GRAY. Have they sufficient area at that  
 +
altitude and higher to make
 +
it an important matter?
 +
 
 +
Mr. SIMPSON. Yes. Their area to a certain extent is  
 +
limited, but there is
 +
a vast area that it will take a good many years to set  
 +
out, especially the
 +
island of Hawaii, which has 4,500 square miles, and  
 +
the greater portion of
 +
it is above 1,500 feet. The other islands are not, of  
 
course, so large.
 
course, so large.
Senator ORAY. On what island is Honolulu ?
+
 
Mr. SIMPSON. Oahu.
+
Senator GRAY. On what island is Honolulu?
Senator GRAY. DO you know what the area of that island is?
+
 
Mr. SIMPSON. Six hundred square miles.
+
Mr. SIMPSON. Oahu.
Senator GRAY. IS that all?
+
 
Mr. SIMPSON. It is next to the largest inhabited island in the group.
+
Senator GRAY. Do you know what the area of that  
 +
island is?
 +
 
 +
Mr. SIMPSON. Six hundred square miles.
 +
 
 +
Senator GRAY. Is that all?
 +
 
 +
Mr. SIMPSON. It is next to the largest inhabited  
 +
island in the group.
 
There are five principal islands.
 
There are five principal islands.
Senator GRAY. The city of Honolulu has the greater portion of the
+
 
population ?
+
Senator GRAY. The city of Honolulu has the greater  
Mr. SIMPSON. Yes. Coffee that they raise there has a splendid
+
portion of the
flavor, and in time is going to become a very profitable commodity. It
+
population?  
is known as the Koua coffee on account of its being raised in a district
+
 
by the name of Kona, and it has a flavor that resembles a mixture
+
Mr. SIMPSON. Yes. Coffee that they raise there has a  
of Mocha and Java. It has never been gone into systematically,
+
splendid flavor, and
but they are going ahead with it now, and they will undoubtedly build
+
in time is going to become a very profitable  
up a great business there.
+
commodity.   It is known as the
Senator GRAY. Mr. Spalding, who was before us, expressed the
+
Kona coffee on account of its being raised in a  
opinion that it would not be a success there.
+
district by the name of
Mr. SIMPSON. That is the opinion of nearly everybody who lives
+
Kona, and it has a flavor that resembles a mixture of
there, but it is not borne out in experiments which have been made by
+
Mocha and Java. It
men who understand coffee culture. It is a peculiar industry, and
+
has never been gone into systematically, but they are  
must be given careful attention, and the knowledge of years must be
+
going ahead with it
brought to it. The merchants of Honolulu net more money for the
+
now, and they will undoubtedly build up a great  
coffee that they sell in the San Francisco market grown on the island
+
business there.
of Hawaii than for any coffee sold in the San Francisco market, and in
+
 
spite of the fact that it is not prepared for market in what would be
+
Senator GRAY. Mr. Spalding, who was before us,  
ordinarily termed a marketable condition; it is not separated. The
+
expressed the opinion that
good and the bad are all dumj>ed into the same sack, and while I was
+
it would not be a success there.
there one house in Honolulu had quite a little stock of it, some 1,200
+
 
or 1,500 bags, and the proprietor had refused at Honolulu 25
+
Mr. SIMPSON. That is the opinion of nearly everybody  
HAWAIIAN ISLANDS. 1135
+
who lives there, but
cents a pound for that coffee. Anyone who is posted in green coffees
+
it is not borne out in experiments which have been  
knows that that is a pretty good price placed at shipment.
+
made by men who
The CHAIRMAN. Your inquiries into the industries of Hawaii were
+
understand coffee culture. It is a peculiar industry,  
stimulated by the trade you were trying to establish between those
+
and must be given
islands and Puget Sound.
+
careful attention, and the knowledge of years must be  
Mr. SIMPSON. I took up each article to see whether we could handle
+
brought to it. The
it, and also took up articles that promised well. In fact, when I
+
merchants of Honolulu net more money for the coffee
returned to Tacoma I completed a good size coffee company to go into
+
that they sell in the
the culture of coffee there, but it was killed by the revolution. The
+
San Francisco market grown on the island of Hawaii  
sugar business is completely controlled by the American Sugar Eefining
+
than for any coffee sold
 +
in the San Francisco market, and in spite of the fact  
 +
that it is not
 +
prepared for market in what would be ordinarily termed  
 +
a marketable
 +
condition; it is not separated. The good and the bad  
 +
are all dumped into
 +
the same sack, and while I was there one house in  
 +
Honolulu had quite a
 +
little stock of it, some 1,200 or 1,500 bags, and the  
 +
proprietor had refused
 +
at Honolulu 25  
 +
 
 +
{{p|1135}}
 +
 
 +
cents a pound for that coffee. Anyone who is posted  
 +
in green coffees knows
 +
that that is a pretty good price placed at shipment.
 +
 
 +
The CHAIRMAN. Your inquiries into the industries of  
 +
Hawaii were stimulated
 +
by the trade you were trying to establish between  
 +
those islands and Puget
 +
Sound.  
 +
 
 +
Mr. SIMPSON. I took up each article to see whether we  
 +
could handle it, and
 +
also took up articles that promised well. In fact,  
 +
when I returned to
 +
Tacoma I completed a good size coffee company to go  
 +
into the culture of
 +
coffee there, but it was killed by the revolution.
 +
The sugar business is
 +
completely controlled by the American Sugar Refining
 
Company.
 
Company.
The CHAIRMAN. YOU mean in San Francisco?
+
 
Mr. SIMPSON. NO; I mean the sugar trust in the United States. The
+
The CHAIRMAN. You mean in San Francisco?
sugar trust now controls all the sugar refineries in San Francisco.
+
 
Do you want me to give you some sugar data?
+
Mr. SIMPSON. No;   I mean the sugar trust in the  
The CHAIRMAN. IXot just now; you may proceed with your statement.
+
United States. The sugar
Mr. SIMPSON. The first plantation for sugar purposes was established
+
trust now controls all the sugar refineries in San  
in 1835 by Ladd & Co., Americans, and cane was raised in a
+
Francisco. Do you want
small way for a number of years. They got quite a valuable charter
+
me to give you some sugar data?
from the Hawaiian Government. They claimed at that time it was
+
 
procured for the purpose of selling the charter. It gave them the
+
The CHAIRMAN.   Not just now; you may proceed with  
selection of a vast quantity of land for a nominal consideration. When
+
your statement.
gold was discovered in California a new market was opened up, and
+
 
the trade of the islands had greatly increased up to theyear 1893. When
+
Mr. SIMPSON. The first plantation for sugar purposes  
the gold fever was on in California they had very few supplies there,
+
was established in
and the people of the Sandwich Islands went into the raising of commodities
+
1835 by Ladd & Co., Americans, and cane was raised in  
to a greater extent than they had before or since. For
+
a small way for a
instance, they started flour mills and went into the raising of wheat on
+
number of years. They got quite a valuable charter  
the islands. I do not believe any is raised now. In the fifties sugar
+
from the Hawaiian
sold up to 20 cents a pound in California, and later the acreage was
+
Government. They claimed at that time it was procured
considerably increased in the hope that a reciprocity treaty would be
+
for the purpose of
successfully negotiated with the United States. When the reciprocity
+
selling the charter. It gave them the selection of a  
treaty was finally signed and ratified in 1875-'76 the raising of sugar
+
vast quantity of land
cane became the chief product of the island. The first commercial
+
for a nominal consideration. When gold was discovered  
treaty that was ever negotiated with the United States was in 1826;
+
in California a new
the steam navigation between the islands in the group was first
+
market was opened up, and the trade of the islands had  
started in 1853; the first steamship line between San Francisco and
+
greatly increased up
the islands was established in 1870, a line running through to Australia.
+
to the year 1893.   When the gold fever was on in  
The CHAIRMAN. Where do they get their coal for the operation of
+
California they had very
that steam intercommunication between the islands? I want to know
+
few supplies there, and the people of the Sandwich  
whether it is imported.
+
Islands went into the
Mr. SIMPSON. It is all imported.
+
raising of commodities to a greater extent than they  
The CHAIRMAN. And from what part of the earth particularly? .
+
had before or since.
Mr. SIMPSON. Altogether you may say with one or two shipments of
+
For instance, they started flour mills and went into  
coal it has come from Newcastle in Australia.
+
the raising of wheat on
The CHAIRMAN. Sydney?
+
the islands. I do not believe any is raised now. In  
Mr. SIMPSON. New South Wales. It is from the Newcastle mines
+
the fifties sugar sold
of Australia. They call it Newcastle coal. It is a bituminous coal,
+
up to 20 cents a pound in California, and later the  
and it costs them in Honolulu from $6.75 to $7.50, according to the
+
acreage was considerably
cost of shipping from Australia.
+
increased in the hope that a reciprocity treaty would  
The CHAIRMAN. IS there any wood or other substance in Hawaii
+
be successfully
that will be of use in steam navigation hereafter!
+
negotiated with the United States. When the  
Mr. SIMPSON. NO.
+
reciprocity treaty was finally
 +
signed and ratified in 1875-'76 the raising of sugar  
 +
cane became the chief
 +
product of the island. The first commercial treaty
 +
that was ever negotiated
 +
with the United States was in 1826; the steam  
 +
navigation between the islands
 +
in the group was first started in 1853; the first  
 +
steamship line between San
 +
Francisco and the islands was established in 1870, a  
 +
line running through to
 +
Australia.  
 +
 
 +
The CHAIRMAN. Where do they get their coal for the  
 +
operation of that steam
 +
intercommunication between the islands? I want to  
 +
know whether it is
 +
imported.  
 +
 
 +
Mr. SIMPSON. It is all imported.
 +
 
 +
The CHAIRMAN. And from what part of the earth  
 +
particularly?
 +
 
 +
Mr. SIMPSON. Altogether you may say with one or two  
 +
shipments of coal it
 +
has come from Newcastle in Australia.
 +
 
 +
The CHAIRMAN. Sydney?
 +
 
 +
Mr. SIMPSON. New South Wales. It is from the  
 +
Newcastle mines of Australia.
 +
They call it Newcastle coal. It is a bituminous coal,  
 +
and it costs them in
 +
Honolulu from $6.75 to $7.50, according to the cost of  
 +
shipping from
 +
Australia.  
 +
 
 +
The CHAIRMAN. Is there any wood or other substance in  
 +
Hawaii that will be
 +
of use in steam navigation hereafter?
 +
 
 +
Mr. SIMPSON. No.

Revision as of 01:00, 10 February 2006

-p1134-

chants established trading houses to gather in this important industry. The whaling trade continued to be the chief source of income to the islands for a number of years. In 1845 there were 500 whaling ships arrived there. In 1878 the whaling trade practically died out. Experiments were made in growing commodities, such as silk, cotton, wheat, sugar, coffee, but nothing of particular value was accomplished, except in raising coffee and sugar. The coffee culture increased rapidly and promised well until there came a drought in the years 1851-'52, which it was said caused a blight. That for a time ended the advancement of this industry.

The CHAIRMAN. Coffee, like the other plants you have been speaking of, was not indigenous?

Mr. SIMPSON. No. They have experimented in coffee for a number of years down there, and the trouble has been that the people who have been engaged in experimenting do not understand their business. They would start their trees at too low an altitude. Whenever they got above 2,000 or 2,500 feet they have had the best results. Now they are going into the matter to a greater extent than they have ever done before. They grow a splendid quality of coffee.

Senator GRAY. Have they sufficient area at that altitude and higher to make it an important matter?

Mr. SIMPSON. Yes. Their area to a certain extent is limited, but there is a vast area that it will take a good many years to set out, especially the island of Hawaii, which has 4,500 square miles, and the greater portion of it is above 1,500 feet. The other islands are not, of course, so large.

Senator GRAY. On what island is Honolulu?

Mr. SIMPSON. Oahu.

Senator GRAY. Do you know what the area of that island is?

Mr. SIMPSON. Six hundred square miles.

Senator GRAY. Is that all?

Mr. SIMPSON. It is next to the largest inhabited island in the group. There are five principal islands.

Senator GRAY. The city of Honolulu has the greater portion of the population?

Mr. SIMPSON. Yes. Coffee that they raise there has a splendid flavor, and in time is going to become a very profitable commodity. It is known as the Kona coffee on account of its being raised in a district by the name of Kona, and it has a flavor that resembles a mixture of Mocha and Java. It has never been gone into systematically, but they are going ahead with it now, and they will undoubtedly build up a great business there.

Senator GRAY. Mr. Spalding, who was before us, expressed the opinion that it would not be a success there.

Mr. SIMPSON. That is the opinion of nearly everybody who lives there, but it is not borne out in experiments which have been made by men who understand coffee culture. It is a peculiar industry, and must be given careful attention, and the knowledge of years must be brought to it. The merchants of Honolulu net more money for the coffee that they sell in the San Francisco market grown on the island of Hawaii than for any coffee sold in the San Francisco market, and in spite of the fact that it is not prepared for market in what would be ordinarily termed a marketable condition; it is not separated. The good and the bad are all dumped into the same sack, and while I was there one house in Honolulu had quite a little stock of it, some 1,200 or 1,500 bags, and the proprietor had refused at Honolulu 25

-p1135-

cents a pound for that coffee. Anyone who is posted in green coffees knows that that is a pretty good price placed at shipment.

The CHAIRMAN. Your inquiries into the industries of Hawaii were stimulated by the trade you were trying to establish between those islands and Puget Sound.

Mr. SIMPSON. I took up each article to see whether we could handle it, and also took up articles that promised well. In fact, when I returned to Tacoma I completed a good size coffee company to go into the culture of coffee there, but it was killed by the revolution. The sugar business is completely controlled by the American Sugar Refining Company.

The CHAIRMAN. You mean in San Francisco?

Mr. SIMPSON. No; I mean the sugar trust in the United States. The sugar trust now controls all the sugar refineries in San Francisco. Do you want me to give you some sugar data?

The CHAIRMAN. Not just now; you may proceed with your statement.

Mr. SIMPSON. The first plantation for sugar purposes was established in 1835 by Ladd & Co., Americans, and cane was raised in a small way for a number of years. They got quite a valuable charter from the Hawaiian Government. They claimed at that time it was procured for the purpose of selling the charter. It gave them the selection of a vast quantity of land for a nominal consideration. When gold was discovered in California a new market was opened up, and the trade of the islands had greatly increased up to the year 1893. When the gold fever was on in California they had very few supplies there, and the people of the Sandwich Islands went into the raising of commodities to a greater extent than they had before or since. For instance, they started flour mills and went into the raising of wheat on the islands. I do not believe any is raised now. In the fifties sugar sold up to 20 cents a pound in California, and later the acreage was considerably increased in the hope that a reciprocity treaty would be successfully negotiated with the United States. When the reciprocity treaty was finally signed and ratified in 1875-'76 the raising of sugar cane became the chief product of the island. The first commercial treaty that was ever negotiated with the United States was in 1826; the steam navigation between the islands in the group was first started in 1853; the first steamship line between San Francisco and the islands was established in 1870, a line running through to Australia.

The CHAIRMAN. Where do they get their coal for the operation of that steam intercommunication between the islands? I want to know whether it is imported.

Mr. SIMPSON. It is all imported.

The CHAIRMAN. And from what part of the earth particularly?

Mr. SIMPSON. Altogether you may say with one or two shipments of coal it has come from Newcastle in Australia.

The CHAIRMAN. Sydney?

Mr. SIMPSON. New South Wales. It is from the Newcastle mines of Australia. They call it Newcastle coal. It is a bituminous coal, and it costs them in Honolulu from $6.75 to $7.50, according to the cost of shipping from Australia.

The CHAIRMAN. Is there any wood or other substance in Hawaii that will be of use in steam navigation hereafter?

Mr. SIMPSON. No.