1124 HAWAIIAN ISLANDS. Ninth. There shall be two (2) commissioners appointed by the Queen with the approval of the cabinet, who shall hold office during the pleasure of the Queen and cabinet. The duties of said commissioners shall be to preside at all Lottery drawings and to superintend the same and secure perfect fairness in the allotment of prizes in each scheme. The salary of said commissioners shall be six thousand ($0,000) dollars per annum each, payable out of the treasury of the corporation in quarterly installments. The said commissioners shall not own or be interested in the capital stock of the said corporation, nor purchase nor own any ticket or tickets, devices, certificates, or fractional parts thereof. Tenth. All drawings of lotteries under this act shall be made public, admission free, and it shall be compulsory upon said company to hold annually twelve (12) regular drawings, and as many additional special drawings as the directors of said company may designate; Eleventh. The stockholders of the capital stock of the corporation shall be liable to the creditors of said corporation to the amount of the shares by them respectively held. Twelfth. The corporation shall present a full and accurate account or exhibit of the state of its affairs to the minister of the interior, on the first day of January of each and every year. Thirteenth. At the expiration of this franchise, three (3) commissioners shall be elected by the stockholders, whose duty it shall be to liquidate its affairs on such terms and in such manner as shall be determined by a majority vote as set forth in subdivision eight of section 6 (six) of this act. SECTION 7. Any person selling, offering or exposing for sale after the 31st day of December, 1892, any lottery or policy, or combination ticket or tickets, or devices or certificates or fractional parts thereof, except as authorized by this act, or in violation of this act, or in violation of the rights and privileges herein granted, shall be liable, upon conviction thereof to a fine not exceeding five thousand ($5,000) dollars, nor less than five hundred ($500) dollars for each and every offence, and all police and district courts of this Kingdom shall have jurisdiction in such cases. SECTION 8. The grantees of this franchise and their successors and assigns, shall have the right during the whole term of said franchise, to dispose of by lottery or a series of lotteries, any land, improved or unimproved, which said corporation may become possessed of by purchase or otherwise in the Hawaiian Islands, but such lands shall be disposed of by special drawings only, which shall be advertised as drawings for property. SECTION 9. The grantees of this franchise and their successors and assigns, are hereby given the right of uninterrupted passage through the mails of the Hawaiian postal system, of all written and printed matter relating to or connected with the business of said lottery upon paying current rates of postage therefor. SECTION 10. This act shall take effect from and after its approval, and all acts and parts of acts in conflict with the same are hereby repealed. Senator FRYE. Do you think that the Provisional Government would have succeeded in accomplishing its purpose of overthrowing the Queen and taking possession of the Government buildings if there had been no United States troops there1? Mr. HOES. I have not the slightest doubt they would have done so. If they had not, others would have done it for them. But these are among the strongest men in the community, and in the whole country. HAWAIIAN ISLANDS. 1125 Senator FRYE. The Provisional Government was formed on the 17th of January, and you left the next March? Mr. HOES. Yes. Senator FRYE. What was the condition of affairs in the Hawaiian Islands after the Provisional Government was formed? Mr. HOES. Absolute quietness. Senator FRYE. Any apparent unrest on the part of the opponents of i t! Mr. HOES. None, except what was expressed in the Eoyalist paper, the Bulletin. The city was just as quiet as any country town in New England. Senator FRYE. IS that Government qualified to maintain itself? Mr. HOES. I am quite sure of it. Senator FRYE. Are you acquainted with the members of the committee of safety ? Mr. HOES. Most of them. Of the 14 whose names are attached to the proclamation establishing the Provisional Government I am personally acquainted with all but 1. Senator FRYE. What is the character of these men! Mr. HOES. I believe they represent in every respect the best element in the country. Senator FRYE. Eeliable men! Mr. HOES. I believe them all to be. Senator FRYE. DO you know Sam Parker, Colburn, and Cornwell? Mr. HOES. I know Sam Parker and 1 know Cornwell. Senator FRYE. Did you know our minister, Mr. Stevens? Mr. HOES. Very intimately. Senator FRYE. What was your estimate of him! Mr. HOES. 1 always regarded him as a remarkable man. Senator FRYE. AS an honest man ? Mr. HOES. AS a conservative, honest, conscientious man; a man who never, under any circumstances, lost his head; a man who never acted under impulse. I sustained confidential relations with Mr. Stevens. I think I had his implicit confidence, and I know that he had mine. Senator FRYE. Did you ever learn from Mr. Stevens that he intended to interfere with the government of the Queen or the Provisional Government! Mr. HOES. I never learned it from him, and I flatter myself if he had told any of his associates of the fact he would have told me, because we often conversed confidentially about Hawaiian matters. Senator FRYE. In your opinion was the request made by the minister upon Capt. Wiltse to land the troops on Monday wise and discreet? Mr. HOES. I think it was. Senator FRYE. Were you there when Mr. Blount was there? Mr. HOES. No. Senator FRYE. YOU understand the purpose of this committee is to obtain whatever information it can, especially in reference to what took place after the revolution and the establishment of the Provisional Government. Can you think of anything you wish to say that will be information to the committee? Mr. HOES. I do not recall anything in particular. Senator GRAY. Where are you from, what State? Mr. HOES. New York. Senator GRAY. AS I understand, you are a chaplain in the Navy Mr. HOES. In the U. S. Navy.